Social Change: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow
Social change is a term used to describe variations in social structures, institutions, and social interactions. It is the only permanent phenomena in human society from ancient times until today. Social change is a fundamental characteristic of societies of all kinds, whether they are pastoral, agricultural, capitalist, or Socialist. Human societies have developed from primitive stages to agrarian, industrial, modern and contemporary post-modern society.
Social change always exists because there is a perceived gap between the current morals and aspirations of people and the present reality. Each development growth of the society leads to the emergence of a new social change that challenges existing organizations to meet the demands of the new phase, even though, there is inevitable resistance to social change because of status quo threatened. Thus, the will of society thrives to change old attitudes and goals and new ones are replaced.
With the process of industrialization, the spread of democracy and political rights and the development of communication technologies - from printed pamphlets circulating in the 18th century coffeehouses to newspapers and Internet, all those tools become significant factors for a particular social change. The term modernity/post modernity was coined to capture these changes in progress by contrasting the modern with the traditional. The new individuals are free to reorient themselves and to reconstruct their own world. Social movements that adapt to these changes continue to grow. Those that are fixed in the past decline, become inefficient, and are eventually abandoned.
Keywords - Social Change, Social Movements, Traditional, Modernity, Post Modernity