Mobile Phone and Child Mortality: A Case Study of the Low and Middle Income Countries
Many developing countries do not have access to quality healthcare facilities in child healthcare sector. This eventually leads to high child mortality rates, low life expectancy, and poor quality of healthcare deliveries. Ensuring a healthy development of the child ought to be the primary concern of the country and in order to achieve success in this vision, it is necessary for a developing countries to provide better healthcare monitoring solutions including digital solutions such as mobile health. The objective of the paper is to check the effectiveness of mHealth interventions for child healthcare in the Low and Middle income countries.
Generalized Methods of Moment (GMM) model has been used on the panel dataset of 24 low and middle income countries for a time period of 16 years (2000 to 2015). Data has been extracted from the World Bank (World Development Indicators) and the International Telecommunication Unit (ITU) and analyzed in the STATA software after removing all the biases in the dataset. The result of the study shows that there is a significant impact of mHealth interventions in reducing child mortality rates in the low and middle income countries.
The ubiquity of mobile technology offers a tremendous opportunity in the healthcare sector to have greater access to health facilities at reasonable rates. The implementation of mobile health deployments in these programs at early stages could lead to lower maternal and child mortality rate at early stages. Hence, it is the time to explore and analyze mobile health applications and start getting benefit out of these interventions. mHealth is no longer an option for a developing countries but it is a must.
Keywords - mHealth, Under-Five Mortality Rate, Mobile Subscribers, Public Health Expenditure, Generalized Methods of Moment, Regression Model, Female Education, Low and Middle Income Countries