Reducing Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings by Recognizing Factors of Region’s Climate
Nowadays, lack of balance between architecture and the environment has caused unpleasant effects and environmental impacts, like environmental pollution, reduced natural resources, climatic changes, and an ever-increasing decline in energy sources. Thus, designers and architects try to find the right solutions for designing environmentally compatible constructions. Here, unsuitable climatic conditions, especially the drying out of the Zayandehrud River (due to the increase in the temperature of the planet) have forced architects and planners to focus on climatic problems. The purpose of the study was to know how to use architecture primarily as a tool for achieving a plan to reduce energy consumption. Accordingly, the basic principles of native architecture were used for this purpose. The method was based on causal research and simulation. The tool used were Design Builder thermal simulator software. An example of a contemporary home was simulated in this software, and its thermal behavior was analyzed and compared. The energy consumption of a contemporary home was approximately 3.5 times that of a home with sustainability factors, whereas its area is almost twice as the home with sustainability factors.
Keywords - Sustainability, Energy Consumption, Climate, Residential Homes