Time Pressure as a Predictor of Work Engagement: The Role of Psychological Empowerment
This study aims to examine the role of psychological empowerment as a moderator variable between time pressure and work engagement. JD-R theory stated that job demands and job resources could predict work engagement. Work engagement is an essential thing that employees should have in every company because work engagement has a positive impact on employee performance, commitment to the organization, as well as the intention to survive in the workplace. The participants of this study were 208 salespeople working in IT companies in Jakarta that were obtained by accidental sampling technique. The research data is analyzed with non-linear regression and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results showed that time pressure did not predict work engagement. In contrast, psychological empowerment directly predicted work engagement and significantly moderating time pressure and work engagement. In conditions of high psychological empowerment, the higher or lower the time pressure, the work engagement of employees tends to decrease. However, when time pressure is moderate, work engagement tends to increase. On the contrary, in a condition of low psychological empowerment, the higher time pressure, the work engagement of employees tends to decrease, and the lower the time pressure, the work engagement of employees will be higher.
Keywords - Work Engagement, Time Pressure, Psychological Empowerment, moderator, Standard Equation Modelling