The Integrity of Polysemous Words Semantics
Despite a large number of studies in the area of semantic meanings, linguists have not come to a consensus, whether a person operates in his/her lexicon within the lists of unconnected meanings or they deal with co-related meanings within semantic structures of polysemous words. In this light, we will focus on the problem of the integrity of polysemous word semantics. The article presents an invariant empirical analysis of a polysemous word “head”. We claim thatthere are numerous interconnected semantic networks of polysemous words in the lexicon. They function as multi-level configurations of meanings, which are cemented by dominant invariant meanings. Invariant meaningsare eventually formed as a result of multiple use of all metaphorical meanings clusters, which allow native speakers to effectively navigate in the surrounding language environment.The results of our study have proved the idea that native speakers do not need detailed information (numerous semantic components) to interpret this or that meaning. The number of components they use in everyday communication is limited but sufficient for general understanding of the words and texts contents.
Keywords - Polysemous Words, Meaning, Lexical Invariant, Mental Lexicon, Semantic Network, Lexical Cluster, Metaphor.