Impact of Anti-Terrorism Laws in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K): A Socio-Economic Study
Terrorism could be understood as the use of violence or force or threat so as to create fear among the people. The persons whether individual, group or any organization performing such activities are termed as terrorists. It has become a global disease found in almost every society. There is hardly any country which is not threatened by it. Their activities may either be small or large in operation, but the motive behind each is to defeat the peace. Different countries faces terrorism in different aspects. Therefore, terrorism can also be defined as depending upon the demography of the country facing it. Almost every nation in the world is facing the problem of terrorism. This problem is not confined to any single issue. It affects several other issues related to the Politics, Social integrity, Education, Trade, Globalization, Employment, Education, Disturbance in financial market, Danger to life, Enforcement of fundamental right, Violation of human rights, Uncertainty of Constitutional machinery, Social and geographical infrastructural development, Tourism, Trade and commerce (Intra-state as well as Inter-state), Business activities and development, Organizational setup problem such as corporations, institutions, companies, etc., International relations, Livelihood, Psychological consequences, Infrastructural development, Livelihood, etc.. Right from the post-independence time the whole Jammu and Kashmir is facing this serious threat, comparatively much more in the valley. Thus to curb it, anti-terrorism laws are enforced but the after effects are not such as expected. Here it is an attempt to study the socio-economic impact of terrorism in the Jammu and Kashmir, an integral part of Union of India.
Keywords - Anti-terrorism laws in Jammu and Kashmir, Impact and Terrorism.