An Instructional Manual in Child and Adolescent Development
The Philippines has long strived to provide quality education to its people. Inherited from past colonizers, Filipinos have imbibed the thinking that in order to secure a great future and a bigger chance of making it to a decent living, one should have the necessary studies to back his resume up. With this, the Department of Education has taken the active role in ensuring that the level of teaching and instruction in the Philippines will be competitive enough to cater to the demands and needs of its people. Interestingly, the Department of Education has been vocal on the role of teachers in this journey towards quality education. In fact, the National Government has encouraged Filipino educators to publish their own Instructional Manual directly adjusted to the way Filipinos think and learn, set in Philippine context and mirrors the past of the Filipinos as a race. The present study stands as a contribution to the repository of Philippine achievement and knowledge in the field of developmental psychology. The author envisions this piece of humble work to be like that of Paulo Freire's work, entitled “Pedagogy of the Oppressed” which has had a broad influence over a generation of American educators with regard to creating new "banking" models of education and analysis of the teacher-student relationship through the use and propagation of Instructional Manuals. As Freire explains, "Narration through Instructional Manuals (with the teacher as narrator) leads the students to memorize mechanically the narrated content. Better yet, it turns them into "containers", into "receptacles" to be "filled" by the teacher. The more completely she fills the receptacles, the better a teacher she is. The more meekly the receptacles permit themselves to be filled, the better students they are." Applying the text to the present study, an educator creates an act of depositing knowledge in a student where the student thus becomes a repository of knowledge though the use of Instructional Manuals. Knowledge, according to Freire, comes about only through the learner by inquiry and pursuing the subjects in the world and through interpersonal interaction.
Keywords - Instructional Manual, Psychology, Adolescents, Children, Education