Dynamic Resource Mobilization Management in Sub-Saharan African ‘Case Study: Disaster Zones’’
Dynamic resource mobilization management refers to the changing mechanisms of directing, controlling, monitoring, and evaluating people’s capacity towards their own development. It deals with changing needs in acquiring the needed resources in a timely, cost-effective manner. The advocacy of this idea have the right type resources with which to capacitate people at the right type of resource and making the right use of the acquired resources in order to ensure optimum utilization of the available resources. However, the idea of this changing resource mobilization emerged in the late 1960s and became famous in the 1970’s (McCarthy and Zald). It emphasizes the ability of people to either control a country or a particular movement’s members to acquire resources and to mobilize people towards accomplishing the movement’s goals. This core professional group work towards bringing money, supporters, attention of the media, alliances with those in power, and refining the structure of a country or organization. In this way, it revolves around two central ideas. The first idea deals with the changing loans of demand and supply in a country which connected as a result of the economic factor and the other ideas focuses on the changing political process of a country rather than economic factors. The sub-Saharan African resources are currently at swing between member states owing to the recurrent disasters and conflicts experienced within nations. The changing economy also impacted our living and working environment. A qualitative approach to research was followed in examining the changing resource mobilization management in disaster zones, with the objective of developing a model for describing the remedies in enhancing resource management in the sub-Saharan Africa. This qualitative research focused on the most recent publications in this regard and it is apparent that the prevalent of disasters has a direct and definite influence on the resource mobilization management in natural and human resources. All resource mobilization management practices will have to change dramatically to answer to the demands of the new sub-Saharan Africa economy. Important concepts relating to resource mobilization management are included in this model, socio-economic impact, remedies in enhancing resource management, human capital. Whereas one of the most competitive advantage for resource mobilization management in sub-Saharan Africa is centered on World Bank financial capital and humanitarian interventions in building resilience in post- disaster zones. The focus in the business world has shifted from physical assets to knowledge and information, i.e. intellectual capital. The effective management of resources and intellectual capital poses new challenges in the organization for leadership and managerial capabilities. These model that has been developed to describe the role of resource mobilization management in sub-Saharan Africa focus on the integration of communities, social networking, human capital and information management in resource management strategy in disaster zones. The content validity of the model was determined according to Lawshe’s technique, using an evaluation panel. The panel consisted of eleven individuals, all with a sound knowledge of resource mobilization management .Five panel members have Doctorate degrees and six have Masters Degrees in Human Resource Management. A total content-validity index of 1, 01 was obtained, indicating that this model is acceptable and valid. This model emphasizes the fact that the resource mobilization management function in disaster zones has to utilize the drivers of the new economy, i.e. internet, and globalization. This model also indicated how these aspects are to be utilized in the resource management practice. In the last instance this model focuses on the implementation of a people oriented strategy that will address the effective management of capacity building, resource linkage and community integration in resource mobilization management.
Keywords - Resource Mobilization, Human Capital, Information Management, Disaster Zones, Community Integration.