Evaluation of the Local Context of Prefabricated Architecture in Egypt
Increasing population, international economic problems, energy crisis and worldwide environmental problems are considerable issues that are forcing the world to conceive innovative solutions that are fast, feasible, and sustainable. These problems urged the need for implementing serious actions in all areas of human activity towards sustainability. The built environment is one clear example of the impact of human activities on the environment. Thus many environmentally friendly approaches in architecture have emerged such as green architecture, zero-energy buildings, and sustainable architecture. The construction of prefabricated units is a construction technique that promotes the sustainable approaches as both approaches promote circular thinking system that integrates all processes, disciplines, and stages in one whole system. Prefabricated architecture is an applied strategy to achieve sustainable building because of its potentials to mitigate the negative impacts of the built environment.Although the prefabricated construction is not a new trend, it has recently become a popular trend worldwide due to several advantages such as: the quick construction process and assembly, high quality control, construction waste reduction, modular flexibility, cost reduction, affordability, consistency, improving energy efficiency, and environmental control. In spite of the several advantages of using prefabricated architecture, their applications and practices in Egypt are limited to temporary structures and steel structure buildings. Hence, this paper introduces an analytical investigation of the local context of prefabricated architecture in Egypt. This is achieved by conducting open-ended interviews with leading stakeholders and practitioners of prefabricated architecture in Egypt in order to capture a full image of these practices and conclude the main obstacles and drivers of their application.
Keywords - Prefabricated architecture, barriers, drivers, Egypt, context