Gender and Perceptions of Corruption: The Case of South Korea
Previous research asserts that women are less prone to corruption than men. It is not without contestation, leading to a complex corpus with mixed findings suggesting that perceptions might be context-specific. Employing the World Values Survey, this study investigates whether and how gender impacts perceptions of corruption in South Korea. Examining three types of corruption—state benefit fraud, tax evasion, and bribe-taking - we find no significant differences until 2010, when we observe a surprising increase in the gap between perspectives. Importantly, women’s differential tolerance is mixed across types of corruption, implying that corruption is not a homogenous concept and that perceptions are conditioned by individual opportunities and constraints.
Keywords - Gender, Corruption, Gender (in) Equality, Democratic Institutions, Opportunities, South Korea