Linguistic Approach on the Analysis of Political Text
The growing influence of politics on everyday life is changing the role of various types of media texts. Media texts are able to influence human behavior. The purpose of a political text is to provide members of the human community with certain actions or assessments.
Therefore, the descriptive and critical methods were chosen as the leading methods in this study for finding the optimal configuration of linguistic analysis.
The material of the study are some dictionaries (of modern German / Russian) and political texts in German and Russian mass media (news reports, essays, critical analyses) between 1990 and 2010.
The most important linguistic component of political discourse is politically oriented vocabulary, its semantic features and intercultural differences that determine the characteristics of a political text or document. Lexical units in these texts, forming conceptual fields of the source language, are inextricably linked with the associative field represented in the foreign language space.
In the course of the study, the criteria of linguistic objectification of the ideological orientation of the text (linguistic, cultural and cross-cultural component of political vocabulary, the influence of etymology and morphological structure of words on the overall modality of the text) were developed. The system of semantic oppositions in the cross cultural aspect can be associated with the implementation - non implementation of a certain scenario (pattern) of the situation.
Keywords - Political Linguistics, Text Analyses, Relationship between Language and Ideology, Non-Formalized Analysis