Moral Solidarity and Reconstruction of Political Community Bonds: A Probability Account on Social Capital Theory
It is a fact that modernity builds a society composed of individuals who come together on the basis of 'mutual interests' rather than on the basis of 'united interests', and the value attributed to 'social virtue' and 'common good' in this social structure is gradually diminishing. In this context, it is a proper request that the citizenship of collectivist thinkers be rearranged not as the passive carrier of rights but on the political decisions and on the active participation of the various constituents within the society. It is true, however, that the common good politics of collectivist speech laid the groundwork for prejudice and intolerance, and sacrificed individual freedoms in the name of a powerful community. For that reason, modern societies need a form that will protect both the individual's freedom and the moral solidarity without threatening the individual and rebuild the ties of the political community. In our view, Putnam's social capital theory has the power to show that civil virtues can be created in a way that includes a Rousseauian political gathering alternative where the individual is sacrificed for the good of the common good. In this way it seems to be possible not only to overcome this individuality but also not to be confined within the boundaries of the common good of society at the same time. The aim of the study is to respond to the basic question / problem on how to maintain moral solidarity and political community ties in contemporary societies within the limits of social capital theory, without a strict preference between individual or society in this framework.
Keywords - Moral Solidarity, Political Society Ties, Social Capital, Individual, Community.