Contractual Employment Structure; Social Sustainability Issues and Challenges
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to make a case for balancing economic sustainability with social sustainability. Besides providing insights into the status of contract labour employment situation in India and across the globe, this study examines in-depth the issues that have prevented the proper implementation of The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) [TCL(R&A)] Act 1970 of India and also the impact of its non-implementation.
Design/Methodology/Approach: To achieve its objectives, the paper is divided in three parts; Introduction, Literature review and Discussion and Conclusion. Publications in journals, books and other databases were analysed.
Findings: The analysis of literature found that inspite of the provisions for employee welfare in [TCL(R&A)] Act 1970, the implementation part remains a serious challenge because of the many ways that have been used by employers to circumvent the law. Hypotheses relating contractual employment with social sustainability strategy, social performance and industrial conflict have been generated for further testing.
Implications: This study makes a case for further research in the area of social performance of companies and how organizations aim to achieve the UN’s sustainable development goals in the wake of the contractual employment model being increasingly adopted by them. The hypotheses developed need to be empirically tested for the measurement of the impact of contractual employment model on workers and organizations and thus society at large. Practitioners would know about the need to align social sustainability strategy and employment practices with corporate social performance goals while national policy would be made aware of the need to align contemporary labour reforms -which are mostly pro employers- with the social sustainability goals, 2030.
Keywords - Contractual Employment, Corporate Social Sustainability, Social Performance, Labour Laws, Employee Welfare