Prevalence and Determinants of Tobacco use among Men and Women in India: Evidence from National Family Health Surveys
Tobacco kills more than 7 million people each year (WHO). The tobacco use is a major health concern in India. This study examines prevalence of smoking and smokeless tobacco among men and women in India and its socioeconomic and demographic correlates. This paper used National Family Health Survey data conducted during 2005-06 (NFHS-3) and 2015-16 (NFHS-4). The cross tabulation and binary logistic regression have been used in this study and maps have been prepared using GIS method. The use of tobacco in India has declined from 57% to 45% among men and from 11% to 7% among women from NFHS-3 to NFHS-4 respectively. Tobacco use have been found high in the north-eastern states than other states. Tobacco consumption is significantly higher among men and women with no education, lower wealth quintile, scheduled caste, urban area and in North-Eastern region. The use of tobacco is strongly related with poor socio-economic characteristics.
Keywords - Tobacco Use, Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco, NFHS