Evaluation of Characteristics of Slum Settlements in Lagos Metropolis (A Case Study of ILAJE Community in Shomolu Local Government Area)
This study examined the socio-economic characteristics; the condition of buildings; availability of portable water and accessed the condition of drainage facilities in Ilaje coastal slum, Somolu local government area of Lagos State, Nigeria. The survey research design was adopted, while data were sourced both primarily and secondarily. An estimated 9792 persons are said to inhabit this community and this figure served as the sample frame, while the Taro Yamane sample size formula was used to arrive at a sample size of 384 sample units. Probabilistic systematic random sampling technique was employed in selecting the households, while non-probabilistic purposive sampling was used in administering questionnaires to the sample units. Physical observation was also used in gathering data. Data was analyzed using descriptive method (frequency tables and Likert scale). In the aspect of socioeconomic characteristics, the study revealed majority were females, paucity formal education, self-employed, married and young adults in dominant number. This translates to the likelihood of increased population in the area. Drainage was perceived to be in a ‘very bad’ condition, as revealed by the Likert scale score of 1.83 Drainage Condition Index (DCI), out of an achievable 5. Portable water is not readily available, hence inhabitants are dissatisfied. With an overall average score of 2.18 Building Condition Index (BCI) out of an achievable 5, the buildings in the area can be generally adjudged to be in ‘poor condition’. It is therefore recommended that approaches to urban renewal in developing countries should concentrate on data gathering on facilities/amenities requirements, rather than structures.
Keywords - Building Condition, Drainage Condition, Slum, Socio Economic Characteristics