The Role of Creative Styles in the Relationship of between Personality Types and Scholarly Creativity
Innovation and creativity have an important role in the scientific independence of the society, and in this regard, the mission of the higher education system is very important. However, students' personality properties cannot be ignored in addressing the ways of success in this area. With this approach, the purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between personality types and scholarly creativity of students with an emphasis on the mediating role of creative styles. The statistical population of the study was 900 students of Samangan Institution of Higher Education in the academic year 2017-2018, which 270 students were selected by stratified sampling method. For data gathering, Keirsey Temperament Sorter questionnaires for personality types, the innovative Kirton’s adaptive-cognitive style (1967), Kaufman’s Creativity (2012) were used. Validity and reliability of the research tool, by experts and Cronbach's alpha test were provided. The analytical results by Baron and Kenny (1968) indicated that among the four types of personality, perceiving types have a positive and significant effect, and the Feeling type has a negative and significant effect on the scholarly creativity of the students. In addition, the creative innovative style has a partial mediator effect on the relationship between each of these variables and scholarly creativity. About other types of personality, intuition and extroversion, this research did not find evidence of direct or indirect effect.
Keywords - Personality Types, Scholarly Creativity, Creative Styles.