Role of ICT in Rural Education
Technology in Education, also termed instructional technology, information and communication technology (ICT) in education, EdTech, and learning technology, is "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources." A closely related term, e-learning, refers to the use of modern technology, such as computers, digital technology, networked digital devices and associated software and courseware with learning scenarios, worksheets and interactive exercises which facilitate learning. Educational technology is utilized by learners and educators in many settings, such as home, school, higher education, and business and professions. Thus educational technology relies on a broad definition of the word "technology", encompassing both material objects, such as machines and networking hardware, and also broader aspects of education such as organizational systems, learning methodologies and techniques, and skills assessments. Examples of these two dimensions are material aspects such as internet based learning, and educational psychology aspects such as instructional theory, learning theory, media psychology and human performance technology, fields of study that apply theories of human behavior to educational technology. Educational media and tools can be used for task structuring support help with how to do a task (procedures and processes), access to knowledge bases (help user find information needed) alternate forms of knowledge representation (multiple representations of knowledge, e.g., video, audio, text, image, data) Numerous types of physical technology are currently used: digital cameras, video cameras, interactive whiteboard tools, document cameras, and LCD projectors. Combinations of these techniques include blogs, collaborative software, ePortfolios, and virtual classrooms. In rural area where there is a lack of skilled and efficient manpower, resources and time these techniques helps in achieving an long term goal of value based education delivered.
Keywords- EdTech, ePortfolios, Pedagogy, e-Learning MOOCS.