Buddhist Education for Development of Society
This paper aims to the history of Buddhism and the contribution of the Buddhist education in Vietnam society. The Buddha, the great teacher, appeared in India about 6th century B.C. He left to the world the doctrines to make the wise man. The goal of Buddha’s teaching - the goal of Buddhist education is to attain wisdom. The Buddha taught us that the main objective of our practice or cultivation was to achieve this ultimate wisdom. The Buddha further taught us that everyone has the potential to realize this state of ultimate wisdom, as it is an intrinsic part of our nature, not something one obtains externally. The aim of Buddhist Education is to make a free man, a wise, intelligent, moral, non-violent & secular man. Students became judicious, humanist, logical and free from superstitious. Students became free from greed, lust and ignorance. Buddhist Education was wide open and available to the people of all walks of life. The principal goal of the Buddhist Education is to change an unwise to wise, beast to priest. It is a matter of great pride that Buddhist Education crossed Indian Sub-continent and expanded up to China, Korea, Japan, Tibet, Mongolia, Srilanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodian, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, with the rise and development of Buddhism in those countries. In those countries Buddhist Education has made tremendous progress with the inclusion of modern subjects in the syllabus. Today in order to make more popular more useful and modern subjects have to be included such as English, Science, Medicine, Engineering, Commerce, Computer and Information Technology. We are happy that the name of the countries which I mentioned made tremendous development of Buddhist Education with the inclusion of modern subjects. They have made more facilities for the lay students.
The Buddhist Education gained the following benefits:
1. Well organized centers- Buddhist education was imparted in well organized centers, monasteries and Vihara which were fit places for the purpose.
2. Cosmopolitan-Buddhist education was free from communal narrowness.
3. Simple and austere-Bhikshus led a life of austerity and simplicity.
4. Total development- Buddhist education laid much emphasis on the physical mental and spiritual development of the students.
5. Disciplined Life- both the teachers and students led disciplined life.
6. Ideal student teacher relationship.
7. International importance- Buddhist education helped to gain international importance it also developed cultural exchange between India and other countries of the world.
Keywords - Mahayana Buddhism, Theravada Buddhism