Path Analysis of Determinants of Maternal Mortality in Sub Saharan Africa
Despite the interventions by government in developing countries and international organisations, the death of a mother during delivery and after childbirth is still high in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have identified the effect of medical, socio-economic and socio-cultural determinants on maternal mortality. The study used a partial least structural equation modelling techniques to integrate these determinantsin order to understand the causal relationship between them and their effect on maternal mortality in Sub-saharan Africa. The result of the analysis showed that the medical, socio-economic and socio-cultural determinants have effect on maternal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. The socio-cultural determinant hasdirect effect on the medical determinants and indirect effect on maternal mortality. The socio-economic and medical determinants have thegreatest effect on maternal mortality and are significant. The finding of the analysis shows that policies and interventions implemented to address the problem of maternal mortality in the sub-region, must integrate the socio-economic, socio-cultural and the medical determinants.
Keywords - Interventions; Medical; Socio-Cultural; Socio-Economic; Policies