Implications of Brexit on Horizon 2020
This paper aims to explore that the impact on UK research and innovation policy after Brexit. Many focus on the talks of Brexit and further relationship between the UK and the EU. However, the breadth and depth of the Brexit impact have significant influence on the UK’sresearch institutions. Planning for exit negotiations is still underway, but there remains uncertainty about the future model of the relationship. The UK was one of the biggest beneficiary of EU research and innovation policy due to the globalisation of English and its university worldwide competitiveness. The impact on the leaving processfor UK researchers and institutions is the core issue of this chapter. It starts from the evolution and legal basis of British research policy, and explores how the UK implied EU resources to enhance the international competitiveness of research and innovation. Obviously, Brexit has risked UK's development potential on higher education and pre-research. The British government has put forward many guarantees in response. There is no doubt that Brexit affects not only on competitiveness of the UK's top universities, but also the flow of research talent in the UK. Finally, the openness principle of Horizon 2020, which shows the roadmap for Taiwan's New Southbound Policy. The Taiwanese government should adopt the concept of Horizon 2020, which encourages Taiwanese academic and researcher cooperation with South, Southeast Asia countries. If doing so, Taiwan's soft power can overcome the lack of official diplomacy relationship with South and Southeast Asia countries.