Organic Waste Management Byco-Productionperspective: A Co-Commissioning Overview by Cases in South of Brazil
This research is part of a thesis project in progress, which seeks to look at the coproduction of the public good for solid waste management in the city of Florianopolis, in southern Brazil. It is guided by the look of coproduction and the concept of participation and co-commissioning brought by Bovaird and Loeffler when discussing the added value provided by the coproduction of the public good. The research problem is evidenced by the current centralized management of organic waste in the study city, where it is noted the lack of articulation of public policy for this purpose, which results in disjointed actions for the destination of organic waste, often verifying the existence of isolated co-productive actions. For the empirical application, cases have been studied that face areality that happens in different fronts: be they by individual initiatives; through private enterprise ventures; or through community-based collective action. When the interests are common among the various actors, citizens, organized civil society, companies, funding agencies, cooperatives, social banks, unions, schools, governors and others, the right environment for coproduction is created. This model fits in a proposal that involves citizen participation, the incentive of the state and the support of the private initiative. In order to idealize proposals for a new management of organic residues in Florianópolis, we have as basis the concepts of Bovaird and Loeffler (2013) that in short, bring as expected results of coproduction values the economic, social, political and environmental added to the co-productive activity, and bring the concept of co-commissioning of services. From this, it was verified that there is a rich and fertile space for co-productive management of solid waste in this city, and one of the proposals is the use of the ideas of co-commissioning, with the public power as a facilitator, for a broad application of these concepts. In the end, we present suggestions, which may foster debate on public policies for organic waste management through the co-commissioning model.Such research proves to be relevant to the international community because of the constant need for co-production theories to be empirically tested, as well as to recognize an empirical application in the reality of developing countries and the perspective of participatory development of public policies in these realities.
Keywords - Co-Production; Waste Management; co-Commissioning; Public Administration.