A Mixed Method Study on The Development of Transferred Aggression Expression of Women With Domestically Abusive Partner
Each home is blessed to have a loving, caring, and understanding atmosphere, however, if its mother of the house gets bruises, broken lips and bones caused by a dominant head of the family-the father, it may result to a disrupted family life. Similarly, a cohabitating sexual violence and intimate partner violence (IPV) become a major public health issue around the globe. Philippines like any other country, associated power to a strong patriarchal status. Skewed on the number of male aggressors in a relationship, there are still literatures describing women as aggressor and abusive in an intimate relationship. Despite the dearth in exploring this phenomenon, it remains unreported and socially recognized. Using mixed method, a total oftwenty-two (22) battered women in a highly populated province in the Philippines were purposively selected with the intent to: (1) qualitatively describe their experiences in intimate partner violence through a one-on-one, semi-structured and in-depth interviews, and (2) quantitatively measure the level of aggression characteristics assimilated fromthe abusive relationship using Aggression Questionnaireby Buss and Warren (2000), however, it is limited to women’s motivations for aggression perpetration. Participants were battered women who were willing to participate and share their experiences of abuses in their family of origin, previous partner, current partner, and subsequent partner. An age range of 18 to 53 years old, who are currently separated, at the time of the interview from their abuser after the report of abuse to the Women’s Desk Office and those women who still stayed in the abusive relationship.The field texts gathered were also subjected to Strauss and Corbin’s (2008) grounded theory method of data analysis consisting of open, axial and theoretical coding procedures. Results revealed that six (6) stages emerged which described women’s manifestation of transferred aggression expression, namely; enduring,inhibiting, placating,reciprocating, aggressingandretaliating.By a large, the level of aggression characteristics among select battered women ranges from high to high average. Specifically, the subscales indicated that majority of the women’s physical aggression is high average; high average to high in verbal aggression, hostility and anger, hostility, and average to high in indirect aggression. Conclusively, women in intimate partner violence were likely to exhibit transferred aggression expression via passivity, passive-aggressive and reactive-aggressive ways. While there were strong similarities, noteworthy differences connected to IPV perpetration and aggressiveness amongst battered women also emerged. Accordingly, women in a battering relationship are not only victims of their batterer, but unwantedly and/or intently becoming perpetrators of aggression as well. Implications and future directions of study are also offered.
Keywords - Transferred Aggression Expression; Abusive Mothers; Intimate Partner Violence; Aggressive Women; Filipino Battered Women