The Sensory Pleasure and Pain in The Literary Works of Kafka, Faulkner and Süskind
Patrick Süskind built in The Perfume Grenoouille, who lacks scent, to a perfume artist for the olfactory pleasure. Kafka’s Hunger Artist, who is with deficiency of human appearance, intends to create visual pleasure. Emily in Faulkner’s A Rose for Emily, a woman without social life, produces the conflict of olfactory and visual perception. The three protagonists can all be called artists, whose life is with deficiency and who generate sensory pleasure for covering their pain. This project aims to investigate the common theme of these three works, sensory pleasure and pain, by applying Kristeva’s theory of abjection for explaining how the excluded individual deals with the pain. The abject, represented by the sensory pleasure, ironically and contradictorily doesn’t demonstrate pleasure, but pain through the abject body discourse and ends with death. The expected results are as follows. First, it is not the pleasure and pain presented in the works, but the pleasure of pain, a contradiction for resistance. Second, art itself represents contradiction.
Key words- Kafka’s Hunger Artist, Süskind’s The Perfume, Faulkner’s A Rose for Emily, abjection, pleasure and pain