Interplay between Territory and Deterritorialisation Under Cultural Globalisation in Shafak’s Works
The interplay between territory and deterritorialisation has become a vital debate in diaspora writings in the context of cultural globalization. In the backdrop of colonial enterprise and the process of global modernity, dispersion of population from global South to global North has led to the deterritorialisation of cultures of the immigrants. While territory refers to the bond between the individual, culture and geographical territory, deterritorialisation stands for the weakening of the bond between culture and geography as immigrants move away from their native homeland trading off their past in search of a future of lively possibilities. However, the transnational and transcultural experiences of the immigrants often result in an interplay between the home culture and the hopeland as their past haunts them. Shafak –a Turkish diaspora writer –presents characters who are dynamic immigrants and engage in the process of evolving transcultural identities. However, they cannot stave off their past which haunts and shapes their lives in their hopelands. The world which Shafak creates in her works is both enlightening and superstitious. In Shafak’sHonour, Naze, even long after her death, holds the lives of her daughters more than the living others. The current study which is qualitative in nature explores the interplay between the territory and deterritorialisation in Shafak’s works particularly Honour through the theoretical lens of Bhabha’s concept of ‘Hybridity’ with particular focus on transcultural experiences as dynamic, enriching as well as oppressive. I hope this research will motivate future researchers to work in similar direction in diaspora writings.
Keywords - Territory, Deterritorialisation, Cultural Globalization, Diaspora, Hybridity, Transcultural Experiences