Political Reform In Contemporary Indonesia: Why Has “GOTONG ROYONG” Democracy In The Indonesia’s State Ideology Of Pancasila Failed To Be Understood And Implemented
With deep reflection of the drafting the fourth sila of Pancasila by Indonesia’s founding fathers, “Gotong Royong” Democracy was mandated to us. But it seems that neither the conception nor its institutionalization has been successful. Neither the so-called Sukarno’s Demokrasi Terpimpin nor Suharto’s Demokrasi Pancasila had developed our understanding of “Kerakyatan Yang Dipimpin oleh Hikmat Kebijaksanaan dalam Permusyawaratan /Perwakilan”. In contemporary political reform now days, the swing from authoritarian to political liberalization has brought with it some sort of anomaly of democracy; such swing is but a logical consequence of the nation’s ambiguity in grasping the idea of “Gotong Royong” Democracy of Pancasila that should mean consensual, deliberative nature of populists democracy. While so many observers make a study of our “Gotong Royong” democracy, they lack theoretical perspectives of democracy. The core of our failure seems to be the political scientists’ slow of tuning into the state of the arts of democratic theories, especially the deliberative theory of democracy.
Index Terms- conception and institutionalization, deliberative theory of democracy, the fourth Sila of Pancasila, Indonesia