Political Reform In Contemporary Indonesia: Why Has �GOTONG ROYONG� Democracy In The Indonesia�s State Ideology Of Pancasila Failed To Be Understood And Implemented
With deep reflection of the drafting the fourth sila of Pancasila by Indonesia�s founding fathers, �Gotong Royong� Democracy was mandated to us. But it seems that neither the conception nor its institutionalization has been successful. Neither the so-called Sukarno�s Demokrasi Terpimpin nor Suharto�s Demokrasi Pancasila had developed our understanding of �Kerakyatan Yang Dipimpin oleh Hikmat Kebijaksanaan dalam Permusyawaratan /Perwakilan�. In contemporary political reform now days, the swing from authoritarian to political liberalization has brought with it some sort of anomaly of democracy; such swing is but a logical consequence of the nation�s ambiguity in grasping the idea of �Gotong Royong� Democracy of Pancasila that should mean consensual, deliberative nature of populists democracy. While so many observers make a study of our �Gotong Royong� democracy, they lack theoretical perspectives of democracy. The core of our failure seems to be the political scientists� slow of tuning into the state of the arts of democratic theories, especially the deliberative theory of democracy.
Index Terms- conception and institutionalization, deliberative theory of democracy, the fourth Sila of Pancasila, Indonesia