China’s Unique Contribution to Shaping Asian Environment
In order to integrally understandhow China’s eco-social development pattern that depended principally on the depletion of natural resources and land conversion over the last 6 decades has shaped Asian environment,a large database of 42 variables relevant to the profiles of carbon dioxide emission and impacts,natural resource consumption and landscape change from 1960 to 2013are analysed. The decadal differences between China and non-China Asia are compared referring to land proportion and population ratio of total Asia shared by China, separately. The results indicate that China has significantly contributedmoreto environmental degradation than the rest of Asian nations combined, principally through CO2 emissions, mineral and other natural resource depletion, and land conversion. The results based on several other databases also reveal that a prominent climate change since then has appeared; and the impacts on biodiversity and public health of the country are also significant, particularly regarding the significantly higher rates of liver, lung and stomach cancers, anda dramatic increase in PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matters in air pollution, compared with non-China Asia.It is clear that China’s remarkable achievements in the economy and society, particularly over the last 40 years,were at the prices of scarifying environment and human well-being, and therefore it is not sustainable.We argue that the ongoing Belt and Road Initiative, which is simulating the same development patterns, would have the potential to inflict environmental devastation on a worldwide scale, and therefore assessments on alternative projects should be requiredprior initiation in order to minimize its negative effects on biodiversity and environmental sustainability.
Keywords - Asian Ecosystem, Environmental Impact from China, CO2Emission, Natural Resources Depletion.