Causes of Obesity, Lifestyle and Problems of Obese Adolescents
Obesity is a condition where excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that health may be negatively affected as body mass index hits 30 kg/mg2 or higher. To overcome overweight and obesity is increasing and raise several issues. The global prevalence of overweight and obesity in children up to age 18 has increased (1) with estimated 170 million as of 2008, and projected that approximately 30% of children by 2030 are affected. Eastern Asia countries reach 24.5% and 11.9% in the Western Asia attributes to obesity and overweight,  while Filipinos has estimated 18 million share of the statistics. The NUTRISTAT Protocol at St. Luke’s Medical Center data showed more overweight patients than underweight. The foregoing data may give the idea of how serious the problem and it serves as the basis in conducting this paper. The study aims to determine the causes, lifestyle and problems of obese adolescents. Descriptive-qualitative method was employed in this study to determine the causes of obesity, life style and problems among adolescents. Questionnaires handed to the fifty respondents, which after the gathered-data analyzed using frequency and percentage. The results reveal that among the 50 respondents, they are “undecided” as to what have caused their obesity. However, they strongly agree to the statement that says, “Dietary habits have shifted away from healthy food to a much greater reliance on ready-made-food”. The respondents “agree” to the statements that watching TV when not in school and eating oversized serving and inactive or lack of physical activity is their lifestyle, and they “agree” that the top-most problem is target of peer aggression, and seldom experience unpleasant statements. The gather response implies that respondents give less emphasis to the causes of their obesity however, they admit living a sedentary life style. They are still young to feel any physiologic problems cause by obesity but not excuse experiencing psychological problem of being a peer target. In conclusion, respondent are uncertain of causes of obesity but agree on having sedentary life style. They never have physiologic problems but agree that their top-most psychological problem was being the target of peer aggression.
Key words - Obesity, Adolescents