Linguistic Minorities and Their International Legal Protection
The paper focuses on the issue of protection of language minorities. The theoretical significance of the research consists in the consideration of the phenomenon of “linguistic minority”. The article makes an attempt to reveal international documents implied in this field. Methodological and dialectical approaches are used in the article to determine the scope of the research and examine the ration between the adopted international and regional legal instruments. The phenomenon of discrimination existed throughout human history, beginning with the emergence of states. The decisions adopted by the country's views to protect linguistic minorities differ significantly for social and political reasons. The prohibition of discrimination at the international level has become a powerful incentive for the emergence of relevant norms of the national legal systems. Nevertheless, despite the existence of an extensive regulatory framework, the discrimination of linguistic minorities remains one of the most challenging problems of the modern world, which is global in nature, existing in all countries of the world and affecting these segments of population. At a new stage of globalization, which accompanies such negative phenomena as mass migration, terrorism, the desire of separate states and large corporations to extract maximum profits, polarization in society and inequality is intensifying. This article is inherently an analysis of the international legal protection of linguistic minorities. The aim of the research is to form ideas on the effectiveness of the development of international legal norms, aimed at combating discrimination of linguistic minorities; analysis of various approaches to its content; existing international-legal acts providing for a general prohibition of discrimination and its different types; gaps in the international-legal regulation of protection against discrimination of linguistic minorities. In the article we applied general scientific methodological approach, which allowed to determine the scope of the research, specifying the basic concepts and categories relating to the international legal protection of linguistic minorities. We also applied the dialectical approach in order to examine the ratio between the adopted international and regional legal instruments on the protection of minority rights and specifically of linguistic minority rights and systematic approach that provides with the opportunity to put the emphasis on the interaction of phenomena, their unity, interrelation, and integrity.
Key words- legal framework; protection of minority rights; linguistic minorities; international system; international-legal regulation; international norms and standards; international legal instruments; human rights.