End-of-Life Vehicle Management in Thailand
This study has objectives 1) estimate number and distribution of ELV of passenger cars (4 wheels but less than 7 seats) by estimating battery, steel, tire, and plastics 2) study life cycle of costs of vehicle including ELV management 3) provide policy recommendation for ELV management policy. The results showed that the estimated ELV based on 1) accumulated number of new registered car (assuming the lifetime usage is 15 years) 2) number of de-register car (section 79) and non-annual renew for 3 consecutive years. The total ELV was 63,171-102,661 cars, converting to steel weight 48,404-78,662 tons and lead from battery 778-1,265 tons and plastics 5,445-8,849 tons. There is no ELV management system in Thailand. In general, the usage lifetime is very long due to the costs of purchasing new vehicle and very high car tax. Businesses involved in auto segmentation can be divided into seven categories. 1) Car Repair shop which link to insurance companies 1,402 shops; 2) Insurance companies 3) Second hand parts 258 shops; 4) Sorting and recycling (Industrial Sector Type 106) 629 factories 5) Battery recycling 6 factories 6) Steel melting 17 factories 7) Plastic recycling factories 773 factories. The recycling business can gain profit approximately 6-9 million Bath and 44-71 million Bath per year for battery recycling and steel recycling, respectively.
Index Terms - End-of-life vehicle, life cycle assessment, management.