The Influence Of The Pre-Service Teachers’ Multicultural Attitudes On Their Multicultural Education Efficacy
This study is designed to find out the influence of pre-service teachers’ multicultural attitudes on their multicultural education efficacy. For this purpose, a survey is conducted using a questionnaire. The subjects of this study are 80 students of teacher’s college in Busan city. The questionnaire, a major tool of this study, consists of the multicultural attitude area and multicultural education efficacy area. The multicultural attitude (14 items) include the sub-sections of openness, receptivity, and respect. The multicultural education efficacy (20 items) include the sub-sections of general efficacy, teaching efficacy, interpersonal relationship efficacy. The questionnaire consists of 34 questions in total and used a 5-point Likert scale. The collected data is analyzed by IBM SPSS 22.0. Descriptive statistics is used to identify the level of the pre-service teacher's multicultural attitudes and multicultural education efficacy. The Pearson correlation coefficient is measured to find out the relationship between multicultural attitudes and multicultural education efficacy. Multiple regression analysis is used to determine the influence of pre-service teacher' multicultural attitudes on their multicultural education efficacy. The results are as follows. First, the overall multicultural attitudes(M=4.14) is much higher than average. Respect attitudes(M=4.31) is higher than open attitudes(M=4.11) and receptive attitudes(M=3.94). Second, as a result of correlation test, the open attitude (r= .52, p < .001) and receptive attitude (r= .45, p < .001) have a positive relationship with the multicultural education efficacy. Third, open attitude (t= .39, p < .001) and receptive attitude(t= .23, p < .05) of multicultural attitudes sub-sections have a meaningful influence on their multicultural education efficacy. The results show that pre-service teachers’ open mind and positive interest in multiculturalism plays an important role in improving the level of their multicultural efficacy. Teacher education institutions needs to develop curriculum including teaching practice and volunteer activities related to multiculturalism and encourage open and receptive attitude in pre-service teachers.