The Influence Of University Students’ Attitude Toward Students With Disabilities On The Sense Of Community
The purpose of this study is to identify the influence of university students' attitude toward students with disabilities on the sense of community, providing the basic data for the successful social inclusion. The subjects of this study are 150 university students in Busan city.The questionnaires are composed of background information (gender, grade, and department), university students' attitude toward students with disabilities and community sense. The attitude area (30 items) consists of behavioral, emotional and cognitive attitude. The category of community sense (24 items) is adjusted for the department community including intimacy and belonging, harmony and unity, voluntary participation and expression, identification and sharing, autonomy and public sense. All these are used in the Likert scales, which have 5 response options from 1 to 5. For data analysis, descriptive statistics is used to identify the levels of university students’ attitude toward students with disabilities and community sense. Pearson correlation coefficient is calculated to find out the relationship between attitude towards students with disabilities and community sense. Multiple regression analysis is used to determine the influence of university students' attitude toward the students with disabilities on community sense. The results are as follows. First, overall attitude toward students with disabilities (M=3.81) is above average. Cognitive attitude (M=3.96) is higher than emotional attitude (M=3.75) and behavioral attitude (M=3.72). Second, as a result of correlation test, the behavioral attitude (r= .34, p < .001) and cognitive attitude (r= .23, p < .05) are positively correlated with the community sense. Third, behavioral attitude (t = .42, p < .001) and emotional attitude(t = .25 , p < .05) significantly affect university students’ community sense. The results imply that university students’ sense of community can be enhanced through the inclusive program such as volunteer activities and social events providing the experience to join students with and without disabilities together.