Study On The Relationship Between The English Self-Efficacy And The Language Learning Achievement Of College Students In Binan City, Laguna, Philippines
English is considered as a second language in the Philippines. However, despite the intensive English course being offered in colleges and universities, college students’ grammatical competence is still at an alarming rate. Some language scholars suggest that self-efficacy plays a crucial role in the performance of individuals in English because it influences pursued courses of action and decisions, the degree of expended effort, the level of perseverance and resilience to difficulties in language learning. The present study analyzes the relationship between the English Self-Efficacy and the language learning achievement. It also employs a descriptive-survey type of research, involving 150 college students taking up English 1-Grammar Development. The present study adapted the initial questionnaire developed by Yanar and Bumen (2012) to measure the targeting English self-efficacy beliefs of the college students. It was constructed based on Bandura’s self-efficacy theory. To prove the reported relationship between the self-efficacy and language achievement, college students were also tasked to judge the grammaticality of sentences in the second instrument. To test the hypothesis, the researchers utilized Pearson Correlation to determine whether there is a significant relationship between the learners’ self-efficacy and their scores in the GJT. Afterwards, the qualitative interpretation of the data was provided by the researchers in analyzing the participants’ self-efficacy in English and their current knowledge of specific grammatical items. After the gathering of data and the subsequent analyses, it was found that English self-efficacy was not related to language learning success of the respondents.
Keywords - English Self-Efficacy, Language Learning Achievement, Grammar Judgment Test