International Labors Migration Management: A Lesson-Learned From Kuripan Village, Wonosobo Regency, Indonesia
This article comprises of two specific purposes. First, it aims to study the managerial processes of migrant workers. Second, it directs to the study on the effects after being migrant workers in Kuripan Village, Wonosobo Regency, Indonesia. The research based on qualitative method applies an in-depth interview having the head of the village and the officers responsible for migrant workers as key informants with regards to the managerial processes, as well as a focus group discussion with ex-migrants in order to obtain information about the consequences and effects after being the migrant workers. Consequently, it was revealed that Indonesian government had established a local agency called “DESBUMI,” intact to the civil society organization, which was responsible for (1) collecting international labors’ data in the village, (2) strengthening the village harmony for information and budget integration, and (3) empowering international labors and their families. As for Kuripan village, the head of village held the public hearing to determine the process of the international labor, resulting in 3 village agreements as follows: (1) those aspiring to be migrant workers must register with DESBUMI; (2) those willing to be migrant worker must receive vital trainings before travelling abroad; (3) those wishing to become migrant workers must receive the approvals from their spouses or parents. However, although being migrant worker could bring high income rates, there were the negative effects on both the labors themselves and their families. Namely, there was a high rate of divorce among the labors’ families, including a greater number of abandoned children due to the migration of their parents.
Keywords - International Labor Migration, Migrant Workers, DESBUMI, Wonosobo Regency, Indonesia