The Human Understanding of Abu'l-Hasan Kharakani as an Anatolian Sufis and Contribution to Experience Coexistence
One of the first regions in which the Turks entered Anatolia is Kars and its neighbor. Abu'l-Hasan Kharakani (963-1033) migrated from Iran to the Kars region before the Malazgirt Victory (1071) of the Seljuk Sultan Sultan Alparslan. The reason for the development of Kars is spreading the tolerance and universal values of the Islamic religion to these lands. At the beginning of the 11th century, when the Turks did not fully enter Anatolia, Abu'l-Hasan Kharakani illuminated people in Kars, where people from different religions lived together. He was a great Sufi, and he invited the greatest people to believe in monotheism and to meet their material / spiritual needs. For the first time in Anatolia, Abu'l-Hasan Kharakani started the tradition of setting up everyone's open table every day. Christians and other religions other than Muslims were also accepted to this table. Harakanî described the beauty of the Islamic religion without discriminating against different religions, languages and racial people. This understanding that Kharakani made and continued as the basis for the Anatolian Sufis enabled many different nations to live in harmony with these lands. In this study, the general understanding of sufism, especially tolerance and human love, will be handled by Abu'l-Hasan Kharakani. Examples of coexistence exhibited during his or her period will be included.
Keywords - Abu'l-Hasan Kharakânî, Anatolian sufism, coexistence, human love, tolerance.