Control of Corruption in a Relationship with Public Budget and Social-Economic Indexes, in The Case of Vietnam
Plato showed in his famous work “The Republic” which waswritten before Christ about Socrates dialogues.S ocrates points out the human tendency to be corrupted by power, and he concludes that the ruling should be left to philosophers, who are the most just and therefore least susceptible to corruption. Corruption has been existing for a long time, and it is a global phenomenon. Corruption is generally linked with essence activities of the public authorities and especially with the monopolistic discretionary power of the state. In Vietnam, the subject of anti-corruption or anti-bribery is mainly governed by the Anti-Corruption Law and the Penal Code. At the provincial level, according to The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index - PAPI reports which is the most massive time-series national governance and public administration performance monitoring tool in Viet Nam exclusively based on citizen’s experiences, the score of the Control of Corruption varied from 4,31 to 7,14 among 63 provinces in Vietnam in 2016. Why did the control of corruption vary among provinces? This paper aims to find the reasons which make the control of corruption index varied among 63 provinces in Vietnam, primarily concentrates on the interaction between corruption and public budget; between corruption and some socio-economic characteristics. The exciting result is there is no relationship between the control of corruption and public budget. Only Gross Regional Domestic Product – GRDP has a positive effect on the control corruption while poverty rate, Average Income, Ethnic Minority, and unemployment rate have a negative impact.
Keywords - Control of corruption, corruption, public budget, social-economic index, provincial level, Vietnam