Cultural Travel and Tourism of Mongolian
Mongolia, a country as rich in culture as it is in natural resources, is beginning the process of diversifying its economy beyond the mining sector. This process is opening the door to new sectors such as tourism, and more specifically, culture-based tourism. Through the methodology of participant observation and interviews of 20 people in Khuvsgul, Bayan-Olgii, and Ulaanbaatar, this research tries to understand the reasons for developing the Mongolian travel and tourism sector and the effects of this development on local peoples who participate in the sector. The person observation research was conducted among two community groups, the Tsaatan reindeer herders of Northern Khuvsgul and the Kazakh eagle-hunters of Bayan-Olgii. The research and analysis allowed for the drawing of four sub-conclusions, which contributed to the greater understanding of the Mongolian travel and tourism sectors development and effects on local communities. These sub-conclusions include the ideas of misunderstandings of travel and tourism development, systematic unawareness of community-based travel and tourism initiatives and their development, the multi-motivational reasoning for the development of community-based ethnic travel and tourism, and the effects of cultural commodification on perceptions of the authenticity of cultural.
Keywords - Tourism, Cultural, Mongolia, Tsaatan, Kazakh, Khalkh