Indian Juvenile Delinquency- Its Determinant Social Causes and Legal Remedies
Juvenile delinquency implies the participation of minors in activities deemed illegal by the law. These unlawful actions of juveniles can be due to a host of socio-economic factors ranging from a lack of proper upbringing, inadequate emotional support to adolescents, material deprivation of family, to, general indifference of society towards juveniles from certain socioeconomic backgrounds . From the past decade, the Indian government has been working to coordinate their laws regarding juvenile rehabilitation and reform to align with the standards provided by the UN, specifically the rules prescribed by UN (1989) convention on the Rights of the child. Thus, juvenile misdemeanor is a complex social phenomenon that needs to be addressed holistically by focusing on where the Indian Juvenile Justice Act lacks in spite of several amendments. The new act of 2015 replaced the existing juvenile laws with the aim of providing changes to address the issue. The paper uses the Desk Research method by focusing upon the secondary data available in libraries, published Government reports and statistics. This paper aims to explain the concept of juvenile delinquency, the factors responsible for juvenile offences, the evolution of juvenile justice system in India, why the earlier existing law lacks in controlling the juvenile offences and also the rationale behind the Juvenile Justice Act 2015.
Index Terms - Crime, Delinquency, Juvenile, Law, Minor