Teaching Political Shari’a: Analysing Political Power of Religious Discourses Through Mosques and Madras as in Afghanistan and Pakistan
Contemporary political and scholarly examinations of madrasas exhibit unprecedented diversity for a variety of reasons. Particularly with regard to Pakistan and Afghanistan, popular discourses accuse madrasas of promoting religious extremism, while counter-arguments portray them as education centres that further religious education and produce religious scholars to meet the socio-religious needs of Islamic societies. Much confusion stems from the fact that madrasas produce ulemā and jurists who impart God's regulation of human behaviour through the science of interpretation, jurisprudence, which determines the Islamic law, Shari'ā, that in turn seeks to regulate all aspects of human behaviour. This study seeks to reveal certain technics and methods used in teachings and sermons by independent often charismatic religious scholars, through madrasas and mosques, in the way in which to convince audience into a certain political role as an immutable religious order. Moreover, it examines how religious scholars, as interpretive authorities of Islamic law, provide individuals with the ideology that takes a certain path as ideal truth in such a way that many becomes ready to sacrifice their lives to protect it. To explore the interconnectedness of madrasas and mosques with politics the paper employs an interdisciplinary approach that uses various methods of data assessment based on theoretical (speech act and discourse theories) and empirical analysis (religious speeches, news articles, interviews and group discussion).
Index Terms - Afghanistan, Madrasa, Mosque, Pakistan, Politics, Religious discourse, Ulema