Removal of Reactive Methyl Orange from Aqueous Solution With CHITOSAN/HOLLOW NANO Silica Particles
Nanotechnology is the process of issue for utilize applications through certain synthetic and/or physical procedures to make materials with particular properties. There are both "bottom-up" processes that create nanoscale materials from atoms and molecules and "top-down" processes that create nanoscale materials from their macro-scale counterparts. Nanotechnology has the potential to improve the environment, medicine, electronics, food, cells and agriculture. Nanomaterials can be using to detect, prevent, and remove pollutants, as well as indirectly by using nanotechnology to design cleaner industrial processes and create environmentally responsible products. Water is vital for life and matter. It forms the main structure of living beings, plays an active role in the formation of inanimate beings. The use of water with so much effect on life has been improved with the use of developing technology, and the increased use of water has caused more pollution of the water. For this reason, water pollution has become an important problem for the present and the future. Water pollution has increased with industrial developments. One of the reasons for this pollution is industrial dyes. Textiles, construction, medicine, tanning, painting and many other used in the industry; and these dyes are mixed with water and emerge as waste. The construction of these dyes with water poses a danger to life. Absorption, adsorption, resin systems, coagulation, oxidation and hybrid systems are used to clean contaminated water. Adsorption is used for the use of stain materials due to its ease of use and high efficiency. Numerous materials can be used for the adsorption of water-based material. In the literature, chemical and vegetative sources are used for the removal of these substances. No mention has been made about the adaptation of the cost of these researches to large systems. In this study, it is aimed to eliminate Methyl Orange from waste water by using chitosan coated hollow nano silica particles. The effects of pH, adsorbent concentration and temperature were studied by using Box Behnken Design and adsorption mechanisms were evaluated.
Keywords - Nanotechnology, Hollow Nano Silica, Chitosan, Methyl Orange, Adsorption.