Oncology Pediatric Nurses' Knowledge and Practices about Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children at National Cancer Institute-Wad Medani – Sudan
Background - Standard Nursing care of leukemic children considered the major contributor to increase survival and improved quality of life .
Material and Methods: This descriptive study aimed at assessing oncology pediatric nurses knowledge and practices about acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children at National Cancer Institute . Wad Medani. The study sample included (35) nurses during the period of the study (from April to October 2016) . The data was collected by using a questionnaire and observation check list designed for the study .
The data analysis was performed by using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). Results: The results showed that 71.4% of nurses aged between 20 – 30 years and they have little experience(1 - 5) years on oncology unit 65.7% . The majority of them didnot attended training program about acute lymphoblastic leukemia (82.9%). About 68.6%, and 76.5% identified about the definition and treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia , while 91.4% , 74.3% and 100% of nurses performance the care was incorrectly as cannulation, Nasogastric intubation and gave intravenous antiemetic respectively. no one wash hands but all of them wear the gloves.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the nurses knowledge about acute lymphoblastic leukemia was adequate while their clinical performance were relatively incorrect in many skills . The study recommended that more educational and training program for these nurses must be applied by well trained oncology nurses team. Also continuous supervision for nurses performance must be done.