Women Perception About Breast Self Examination at Maternity Hospital, (2017) Khartoum State- Sudan
Background: Breast self examination is a screening method used in an attempt to detect early breast cancer or lumps. The method involves the woman herself looking at and feeling each breast for possible lumps, distortions or swelling.
Material and Methods: This was study aimed at assessing women Perception about Breast Self Examination at maternity Hospital, khartoum State, Sudan, during the period from April to November (2017). The sample size consisted of (110) available women in the obstetric clinic during the study period. The data collected by using a questionnaire designed for the purpose of the study. The data analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS).
Results: The results showed that 70.9% of the study sample their age group more than 20 years, while 72.7% of the study samples were workers. Regarding educational level 56.3% of the study samples had a university education. (71) of the study sample oriented about breast self examination with percentage of 64.5%. Regarding to the source of information about breast self examination it was found that 85.9% from mass-media. 44.5% of the subject their techniques for breast self examination were ideal and correct but 49.10% not sure that their method of examination were correct or ideal. The result showed that (60.7%) of the study sample said there were changes during breast self examination while 53.5% of them went to doctor for check-up. Most of the study sample stated that they must go to the doctor for check-up if there were any changed or abnormal things found in their breast as fixed tumors animations change in appearance of breast or found granules (69.1%, 90%, 82.7% and 78.2%) respectively.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the majority of the study subject had adequately aware about the breast self examination as well as their attitude toward breast self examination were positive but their practice of breast self examination done in wrong method. The study recommended continuous health education program for all the women attending the obstetric clinic at the hospital.