Evaluation Of Self-Breast Examination Knowledge And Applications Of Women Living In The Aksehir Region In Breast Cancer Awareness Education
This study was conducted to determine the practices of women towards a cancer screening approach and self-care breast self-examination, and to demonstrate the effects of individual variables and health beliefs on breast self-examination (BSE).
The participants who participated in the study were 75 people (72.1%) between the ages of 20-29, 67 people (having university and education, 32 housewives (30.8%), 62 people (59.6%), 72% 95 people (91.3%) do not work in any kind of work.101 people (97.1%) do not smoke There was a breast cancer in 8 people (7.7%) and 10 people (90.4%) had a mass in the head. (28.5%) were born during the menopause period and 27 of them (87.1%) were 18-25 years old (65%). (26.9%) stated that they were feeding their babies by breastfeeding, 15 people (14.4%) were using contraceptives, 62 people (59.6%) and 33.7% of them did not know how they were done.28 people (% 7.5) Sometimes BSE applied and 50 (84.8%) stated that they applied because they take measures and think they are important. They stated that 22 people (35.5%) performed the time to perform BSE after menstruation. 90 participants (76.9%) stated that they did not know the technique of person examination and 71 people (68.3%) indicated breast ca. 22 patients (21.2%) had a clinical breast examination and 22 patients (59.1%) said they wanted it because they noticed swelling. 16 people (16.3%) had a mammography scan. 10 (9.6%) reported that they had hormone therapy.
According to the results obtained, the average score of the Champion Health Beliefs Scale was Sensitivity Perception2.66 ± 0.76, the score of Seriousness perception subscale was 3.30 ± 0.73, and that of the perceived benefit subscale was 3.95 ± 1.03 ,perceived barriers subscale score was 2.41 ± 0.59, mean score of confidence / self-efficacy subscale score was 2.95 ± 0.75, and mean score of health motivation subscale score was 3.68 ± 0.75. The highest score (3.95 ± 1.03) was found from the subscale of benefit perception and the lowest score (2.46 ± 0.75) was found from the subscale of Perceived barriers when the average score and standard deviations of Champion Health Beliefs Scale were examined. As a result of the evaluation made with the BSE making skill form made with 41 people, 58.53 ± 14.75 and each correct marking was assigned 10 points. Those who score 80 or more are considered successful.
BSE should develop knowledge and skills in the development of preventive and preventive health behaviors. As a result of the research, it is thought that these deficiencies can be eliminated by using practical training or different teaching materials, which lacks women's early diagnosis and application methods of breast cancer.
Index Terms - Breast Cancer, Health Belief Model, Breast Self-Examination, Nursing