Effect of Dental Health Education Program Among Grade Six Students at Ban Khu Mueang School (On Anukrok), Ubon Ratchathani Province
According to the National Dental Health Survey 7th, 2012 found that 58.9% of children 12 years of age had gingivitis, an average of 2.94 out of 6 in the oral cavity and with the saliva stone and also found in the 12-year-old group, 52.3% had dental caries (DMFT) of 1.3 teeth per person. The dental health education program is a way to give health education opportunities and learning about good oral hygiene and dental health care. The objectives of this research were 1) to study knowledge, attitude, practice oral health care and plaque index among the six grade students at Ban Khu Mueang School (On Anukrok), Ubon Ratchathani Province 2) to comparison knowledge, attitude, a practice of oral health care and plaque index among dental health education program. A total of 30 samples were recruited from the six grade at Ban Khu Mueang School (On Anukrok), Warinchumrab District, Ubon Ratchathani Province. Data were collected by a questionnaire and plaque inspection. Data analyzed using mean, max, min and standard deviation. Paired T-test was employed to compare knowledge, attitude, practices of oral healthcare and plaque index among dental health education program.The results showed that after receiving the dental health education program, the knowledge of students at the good level (xˉ = 13.03, S.D. = 0.76), the attitude development was demonstrated at the high level (xˉ = 53.00, S.D. = 4.59), practice in oral health care at the moderate level (xˉ = 45.37, S.D. = 3.03) and plaque index at the moderate level (xˉ = 58.54, S.D. = 12.98). Comparison between before and after receiving a dental health education program indicated that plaque index was significantly different at the 0.05 level. While, the knowledge, attitude toward and practice in oral health care were not significantly different at the 0.05 level. The limitations of this study are number of samples. In the next future research should be extended more and should cover all levels of the school. The Novelty of the research is the oral health care literacy of students in an area of academic cooperation with Sirindhorn College of Public Health Ubon Ratchathani.
Index Terms - Dental health education program, grade six students