The Political Roles of Civil Society Organizations toward a Local Administrative Organization: A Case Study of Bangkok
The main objective of this study was to examine the political roles of civil society organizations toward a local administrative organization. This research is a mixed method research. An interview was employed to collect the data from 20 leaders of civil society organizations. In addition, questionnaires were employed to collect the data from 190 members of the organizations. The data then were analyzed using descriptive statistics (percentage, mean, and standard deviation), and inferential statistics (One-way ANOVA). The findings indicated that the civil society organizations had moderate level of political roles in petition movement (x ̅ = 3.39, SD = 0.91), political communication (x ̅ = 3.10, SD = 1.06), local election (x ̅ = 3.03, SD = 1.25), public policy process (x ̅= 2.99, SD = 0.98) democracy support (x ̅= 2.84, SD = 1.02) and monitoring state’s use of power (x ̅ =2.78, SD = 1.14). We found the relationship between the characteristics of organizational establishment and the role in public policy process (F = 6.61, Sig. = 0.00). The objective of the organizational establishment was associated with the role in democracy support (F = 2.78, Sig. = 0.02). The association between the number of organizational members and the role in public policy process was also found in this study (F = 3.07, Sig. = 0.03). Finally, the age of the civil society organizations was associated with all political roles (F = 15.16, Sig. = 0.00); petition movement (F = 13.63, Sig. = 0.00), political communication (F = 7.68, Sig. = 0.00), local election (F = 3.05, Sig. = 0.03), public policy process (F = 11.42, Sig. = 0.00), democracy support (F = 16.17, Sig. = 0.00), and monitoring state’s use of power (F = 20.73, Sig. = 0.00). Recommendations and suggestions were discussed in the latter part of this article.
Keywords - Political Role, Civil Society Organization, Local Administrative Organization