Biodiversity Of Medicinal Mushrooms In The Community Forestry Of Upper Southern Part Of Thailand As Utilization For Pharmacy
The purpose of this research was to explore types of medicinal mushrooms at the Community Forestry of Upper Southern Part of Thailand and Pharmaceutical benefits in local people. The total of 6 locations were surveyed for 4 times during November 2013 and November 2014. The diversity of each medicinal mushrooms was found. There are 7 species at Aoe Ai Yo in Nakorn Sri Thammarat, 1 species at Khoa Wang in Nakorn Sri Thammarat, 5 species at Thung Sou in Krabi, 2 species at Mae Mok in Surat Thani, 1 species at Wang Si La in Surat Thani, and not found at Khao Phra In in Surat Thani. These can be classified for utilization into two categories as follows: 14 medicinal species for pharmacy and 2 medicinal species for other purposes. Especially, the medicinal mushrooms for pharmacy were detected by high β-glucan with HPLC method. These were extracted with distilled water and alkaline. This experiment was selectively sampled to observe the high amount of β-glucan as follows: Ganoderma dahlii (alkaline extraction) average 504.34 mg/g, Amauroderma rugosum (alkaline extraction) average 466.62 mg/g, Ganoderma dahlii (water extraction) average 454.44 mg/g, and Amauroderma rugosum (water extraction) average 391.77 mg/g. These medicinal mushrooms are bioactive compound which will be further detected. In addition, according to the condition of explored locations, all of medicinal mushrooms are well grown in brown loamy sand with the temperature condition of 24°C -29°C, and the humidity of 59.5 – 68.5% . However, local people can only take little advantage for Pharmacy production. Therefore, this research is to enrich these community forest resulting in the strength of the community in order to further conserve the environment with conservation with participation, and to maintain ecological balance.
Keywords- Biodiversity, Medicinal Mushrooms, Community Forestry, Bioactive Compound