Assessment of Quality of Life in Temporomandibular Disorders
The stomatognathic system is a complex system that serves sensory aspects with the help of taste, smell, touch senses as well as functions like chewing, speaking, swallowing, breathing and mimic. There is a physiological harmony between these structures that perform the chewing function and deterioration of this harmony for any reason reveals a number of problems that are called ‘ craniomandibular disorders’. The most important issue that affects the quality of life by TMD is the pain and reduced mouth opening capacity. Besides psychological, functional and social problems, as well as the pain and discomfort experienced in the jaw, face and chewing system significantly affect the quality of life of the patient.
Materials and Methods: After our patients responded to the OHIP-14 form given to them, clinical signs and symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders were evaluated according to Clinical Examination and Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD/ RDC).
Results: We included 149 patients, 52 of whom were male and 97 were female, with a mean age of 32.08 ± 9.32 years. In the group studied, the amount of overbite was 2 ± 1.2mm and the mean value of maximum unhelpful mouth opening amount was calculated as 32 ± 4.7 mm..
Conclusion: The rate of women in the group of patients who were referred for TMD was significantly higher. When all data are evaluated, we can say that TMD negatively affects the quality of life. Assessment of OHIP scales can provide benefit in determining the patient's expectation and quality of life in diagnosis and treatment stages.