New Trends In Educational Architecture And School Design
Around the turn of the century, many books were written on the appropriate design and construction of school buildings, in which environmental systems are covered in depth (Briggs, 1899; Hamlin, 1910; Mills, 1915). Although many of these texts focus heavily on plans and layout suggestions, there was a great deal of attention paid to the proper lighting and ventilation of classrooms and schools as a whole. Although Baker (1986) determined school structure factors as environmental factors (temperature, sound, smell, light etc.), design factors (architectural plan, color, material, furnishings etc.) and social factors (user age and gender etc.), today we pay attention to factors like sustainability, adaptability, versatility, technology, special needs, student-centered, green building for planning a school design. There is no question that education has changed due to new and innovative learning environments that enhance the way students learn in the 21st century. More than ever, today’s schools must address complex global issues while anticipating future changes in education and technology. It is to the benefit of educators and students alike that physical spaces in schools not only help nurture students, but that they also support the goals of assigned curriculums. This study aims to discuss new trends in educational architecture and school design that shapes the most important physical environment for the next generation.
Keywords: Educational architecture, school buildings.