CPTED in Lithuanian Residential Areas
This paper analyzes the new method to create a safe living environment for a city. CPTED (Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design) is an innovative interdisciplinary method for crime prevention in living environment implemented using environmental design and urban planning tools. This paper aims to investigate the possibilities of application of CPTEDstrategies in Lithuanian residential areas, and to identify elements of urban environment that affect crime. Calculation of crime risk and CPTED audit for determination of urban design was applied for the research of residential areas in Kaunas City, Lithuania. During the research unique database was created. For the identifications of relations and causations between crimes, id est. thefts from motor vehicles, robbery, intentional damage of property,and urban environmental factors correlation and linear regression analysis were applied. The results demonstrate that post-Soviet residential areas and the parking areas within them were not designed to meet CPTED strategies and, therefore, are not safe. Elements of urban planning and design contributing to the increase of crime were identified for each type of crime.
Keywords - Theft from motor vehicle, crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED), parking area, Kaunas.