The Role of Hydro Energy Potential For Electricity Generating In Turkey
The electricity generation resources of Turkey are dominated by fossil fuels. In 2010, the 65% of total installed capacity is based on fossil fuels. Among them, natural gas has the largest share with 36,4% of total installed capacity. In 2012, Turkey's total electricity generating capacity was 56.1 million kilowatts and total net electricity generation was 228 billion kilowatt-hours. Turkey's electricity demand grew by more than 90% from 2001 to 2011. In Turkey, although demand fell in 2009 compared with the previous year because of the economic slowdown, in 2010 consumption increased by about 10% compared with the previous year. However, renewable energy usage by government and private companies is likely to increase year by year. This is not enough to reach the target of country. But the Republic of Turkey Government is aware of this situation. For this reason, The Turkish Government has developed some projects and investments in the last decade. In Turkey between 2010 and 2016, exactly 99 dams, hydropower plants (HPP’s) and small hydropower plants (SHPP’s) were constructed by government and some private companies. All of these were put into operation at the end of 2016. On the other hand, although Turkey does not currently generate any electricity from nuclear power, the government has been advocating construction of nuclear power plants in an effort to diversify Turkey's electricity supply portfolio.
Index Terms - Electricity Generation, Energy Potential, Energy Market, Hydropower, Turkey.