The Effect Of Religious / Spiritual Intervention On Anxiety Level Of Elderly People In Coronary Care Unit
Anxiety is the most common problems of the patients who are admitted to intensive care units. Such problems are more severe in older adults due to the impairment of adaptation mechanisms. Hence, helping to reduce anxiety in such patients is one of the most effective nursing interventions.
Objectives: The main aim of this study is to investigate the effect of need-base spiritual/religious interventions on anxiety of elderly people admitted to coronary care unit (CCU).
Methods: This study is a quasi-experimental study with a pre-test and post-test control group design. We registered 66 patients admitted to CCU of Imam Reza hospital in Lar city, southern Iran during 2014. After obtaining informed consent, data were collected using Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and demographic questionnaire. The questionnaires were completed twice by the participants; before and after the intervention. The older adults in the case group underwent spiritual and religious need-based interventions consisted of a 60-90 minute session per day for 3 consecutive days.
Results: The results showed a significant decrease in the mean scores of trait anxiety and state anxiety after the intervention in the case group compared with control groups (p˂0.001).
Conclusion: Spiritual/religious interventions can reduce anxiety in the elderly admitted to CCU.
Keywords - Anxiety; Spirituality, Elderly; Coronary Care Unit